Five types of skin: dry, oily, normal, combination, and sensitive. The skin type is determined by the water and oil content in the skin, and also level of skin sensitivity. Skin types can change with ages, environmental influences, and other factors. Here we give some skin care tips for every skin type.
A. Normal Skin
Normal skin is characterized by invisible pores, looks radiant, soft and smooth, insensitive, not too oily and not too dry. For normal skin types, there are no special care tips, but it is recommended to keep using a water-based moisturizer that does not feel oily and usually contains silicone extracts,for example cyclomethicone. It is also recommended to use a sunscreen with a minimum SPF content of 30 to protect the skin from sun exposure and prevent wrinkles.
B. Dry Skin
Dry skin is characterized by almost invisible pores, feels tight to the touch, often irritated and scaly, sometimes itchy and painful, has many fine lines thatare not visible, and looks dull and rough.
Some skin care tips for dry skin are:
- Use an oil-based moisturizer. For very dry and cracked skin, it is recommended to use a petrolatum-based moisturizer.
- Use facial cleansers and body wash with milk containing, soft and free of soap.
- Avoid using beauty products that contain alcohol, fragrances, retinoids, and AHA.
- Use a moisturizer immediately after washing your face and showering.
- Avoid bathing more than once a day. Use gloves when using cleaning products, such as detergents.
C. Oily Skin
Oily skin is characterized by large pores, looks dull, thick, and oily. The "T" zone in the face area, chin, nose and forehead, looks oily.
Some skin care tips for oily skin are:
- Use water-based and noncomedogenic moisturizer and sunscreen.
- Use a soft, soap-free skin cleanser. Don't rub the skin.
- Use water-based and noncomedogenic facial cleansers,and contain salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide.
- Clean the skin twice a day.
- Avoid squeezing zits because it can prolong the healing time of acne
D. Combination Skin
Combination skin is characterized by the presence of oily facial skin in the "T" area, includes chin, nose, and forehead, but is dry in other areas, includes the cheeks, eyes, and around the mouth.
Skin care tips for combination skin are recommended to use mild cleansers to reduce oil loss on the skin. It is also recommended to use broad-spectrum lotion sunscreens with various contents. To prevent fine lines and improve skin texture, and to help brighten dark areas, it is recommended to use over-the-counter retinol creams or prescribed tretinon creams. However, the use of tretinon cream must be balanced with the use of a moisturizer to compensate for the occurrence of dryness or exfoliation on the skin.
E. Sensitive Skin
Sensitive skin is usually characterized by skin that looks red, itchy, burning and dry. This is often related or caused by certain skin disorders, such as rosacea, eczema, and allergies. For sensitive skin, use products that contain soothing ingredients, such as chamomile, aloe vera and polyphenols in green tea, and do not contain ingredients that have the potential to cause allergies, such as fragrances or coloring, soap and alcohol.
Use a cream-based moisturizer in the morning to reduce skin irritation. Avoid products that contain acid, such as lipoic acid, glycolic acid and salicylic acid because they can cause skin irritation.
In addition to some skin care tips according to the type of skin, there are also some basic skin care tips to get the healthy skin:
- Clean your face, especially before going to bed.
- Drink water so that the skin is always hydrated.
- Don't smoke.
- Use a sunscreen that can prevent UVA and UVB radiation.
- Avoid direct sun exposure using a hat and glasses.
- Use a moisturizer
- Daliman, Jebra. 2016. Skin Types and Care: Normal, Dry, Oily, Combination, Sensitive. https://www.webmd.com/beauty/whats-your-skin-type#1, diaksespada 5 November 2018.
- Mayo Clinic Staff. 2016. Moisturizers: Options for Softer Skin. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dry-skin/in-depth/moisturizers/art-20044232, diaksespada 5 November 2018.
- Saving face 101: How to Customize Your Skin Care Routine with Your Skin Type. https://www.aad.org/media/news-releases/saving-face-101-how-to-customize-your-skin-care-routine-with-your-skin-type, diaksespada 6 November 2018.